The Benefits of Water Jet Cutting
Hydro-cutting is becoming a billion dollar industry today. The progress in this industry is due to the fact that water jet cutting is becoming a staple in precision part manufacturing and intricate artwork. If you want to know how water jet works and its advantages, then you should read below.
In a water jet, the basic parts are a pump and a nozzle. There are two kinds of cutting that can be performed by these machines. Pure water cutting is one of these. These use extremely high pressures to be able to cut through softer materials. High water pressure allows it to cut through non-ferrous metals, textiles, and wood. A thin stream of water combined with extreme pressure enables it to cut precisely on materials.
Another type of water jet cutting is abrasive cutting. The nozzle is modified and an abrasive material is used to cut through harder materials. Here, the abrasive is combined with the stream of flowing water. The abrasive compound removes small particles and the water washes them away.
Almandine garnet is the most common abrasive material but some materials require a harder abrasive. Abrasive water jets can cut hardened steel, ceramics, and even stone. Precision machines with specialized controls can even cut titanium.
There have been many changes done to this intense process over the years. You can learn more about the types of heads currently available through manufacturers.
Using water jets is beneficial and we will look at some of the benefits below.
The reduction of material waste due to the use of an extremely thin stream of water is one of its benefits. In the aerospace industry, this benefits help reduce the cost of building individual parts over time.
There is not much need for post-cutting finishing for materials cut with water jet Since there is no warping of materials during cutting and leaves an edge which requires minimal finishing.
As long as the correct abrasive compound is used, abrasive water jets can be used to cut through almost any material. There are materials that cannot be cut with other forms of cutting but can be cut with abrasive water jets.
Another benefit of water jets is that it is environmentally friendly. When you cut with water jet you don’t use much water and there are no hazardous waste during the cutting process.
The use of water jets is only when it is completely necessary. The applications include artistic ones and those that require extreme precision.
This is the only process that allows you to CnC some materials. Stone simply can’t be cut with the majority of industrial cutting techniques.
It also finds much use in the aerospace and automotive industries where precision is very important.
It can bulk cut exotic materials like titanium.
It is possible to bring cutting to speed with water jet.